Acute Sinusitis: Symptoms, Causes, Complications and Treatments.

Acute Sinusitis: Symptoms, Causes, Complications and Treatments. 

 


                    Acute sinusitis is caused by inflammation and swelling of the nasal passages or sinuses. The common cold is the most common cause of an acute sinusitis, as well as allergies and fungal and bacterial infections.

Acute Sinusitis Symptoms.


When you have acute sinusitis, you are more likely to experience difficulty in breathing, especially through the nasal passages. You also feel swelling on your face. Most of the time, the swelling is accompanied by a headache.

Here are 10 Most common symptoms of acute sinusitis: 


  1. Thick, greenish or yellowish discharge coming from the nose 
  2. Nasal congestion 
  3. Pain and swelling of the face, particularly on the area around the eyes, forehead, nose, and cheeks.
  4. Pain on the jaw.
  5. Coughing, especially at night.
  6. Ear pain. 
  7. Bad breath.
  8. Sore throat.
  9. Fever.
  10. Fatigue. 

What Causes an Acute Sinusitis? 


Acute sinusitis is due to the inflammation of the mucous membranes of the upper respiratory tract, which includes the linings of your sinuses, nose, and throat. When your mucous membrane becomes irritated, it would swell, thus blocking the sinuses and preventing the mucus from properly draining. Once mucus has blocked the sinuses, a moist environment is created, providing a breeding ground for bacteria or viruses and resulting in infection.

11 Most Common Causes of Acute Sinusitis. 


  1. Viral Infection – when the sinusitis is caused by a cold.
  2. Bacterial Infection – when the sinusitis is caused by bacteria. Note that this could take longer to heal, around a week or two.
  3. Fungal Infection – caused by fungi. A person is more likely to have fungal sinusitis if he has abnormalities of the sinuses or a weak immune system. 

Moreover, some people have higher risk of developing a sinus infection. These people commonly suffer from one or more of the following:

  1. Hay fever or other type of allergies.
  2. Tumors or polyps in the nasal passages.
  3. A Crooked Nasal Septum.
  4. Infected Tooth. 
  5. Infected or Enlarged Tonsils (adenoids).
  6. Cystic Fibrosis Complications. 
  7. GERD or Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease. 
  8. Disorders of the Immune System. 

Complications Brought by Acute Sinusitis.


Apart from the symptoms, a person may also experience other complications from acute sinusitis. For instance, it can trigger asthma flare-ups. When the infection spreads out to brain’s lining, it may cause a deadly infection called Meningitis. In addition, acute sinusitis could also inflict vision problems as the infection may spread to the eye sockets.

If you have these complications, or if your symptoms do not disappear after a week, you should consult your doctor. Do not wait any longer if you have a painful or swollen forehead, a stiff neck, or are experiencing confusion, a severe headache, abnormalities on your vision, or difficulty in breathing.

When consulting a doctor, make sure to elaborate the symptoms you are experiencing or have experienced. In addition, tell your doctor if there are things you did that further worsen or helped improve your condition. You should also enumerate your allergies, if there are any, as well as the medicines you are taking or have taken for the past few days.

Acute Sinusitis Treatments. 

 

There are natural and man-made ways to treat Acute sinusitis. Acute sinusitis treatment starts with hydration.
  1. Drinking plenty of fluids like water, ginger tea, fruit juice and hot tea with lemon and honey lubricates helps to shrink swollen sinus membranes. 
  2. Other acute sinus treatment solutions include eating hot, spicy foods that help with drainage and inflammation. 
  3.  The age old remedy of eating chicken soup does wonders for congestion as well as the aches and pains associated with sinusitis.
  4. Two other traditional treatments you can use at home include: 
    • Steam,
    • Mentholated products. Vaporizers, a hot sauna, a hot shower prepared with mentholated products or other herbal aromatherapy blends are a great solution to clearing up your sinuses. 
  5. You can also heat water in a pot on the stove, remove the pot, put a towel over your head and breathe in the steam. Be careful not to inhale the steam while it is boiling. 
  6. Plant extracts are very helpful due to their ability to fight the bacteria without the use of antibiotics. The natural approach to acute sinusitis treatment has proven to help many people with this problem.

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